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Important dates for Slovenia

1 January–30 June 2008: Slovenian Presidency of the Council of the EU.  

1 January 2007: Slovenia introduces the euro.

1 May 2004: Slovenia becomes a member of the EU.

29 March 2004: Slovenia becomes a member of NATO.

1 February 1999: The association agreement with the EU enters into force.

22 May 1992: Slovenia becomes a permanent member of the UN.

15 January 1992: The EU officially recognises Slovenia.

25 June 1991: Declaration of the independent Republic of Slovenia.

23 December 1991: Adoption of the new Slovenian Constitution.

1990: Plebiscite on independence.

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1945: The formation of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, with the People's Republic of Slovenia as one of its six federal entities.

1941–1945: The dismemberment of Yugoslavia by the Axis Powers.

  • Partisans graphic

    Partisans Graphic by Božidar Jakac.

1918: The defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the creation of the state of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs; the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929.

1848: Unified Slovenia, the first Slovenian political programme.

  • The interior of the church is in Art Nouveau style.

    Church of the Holy Spirit on Javorca plateau. It was built in 1916 by Austro-Hungarian soldiers in memory of the thousands of victims of the First World War in this area. Photo: Jošt Gantar/

1809–1813: Napoleonic occupation – the Illyrian Provinces.

18th century: The Enlightenment and compulsory universal education.

  • Map of the Illyrian provinces

    Map of the Illyrian provinces. Source: National and University Library. Author: Palma Gaetano (1812).

1550: Protestantism; the first book in the Slovenian language.

  • Primož Trubar

    Primož Trubar Photo: UKOM archives

15th to 17th centuries: Peasant revolts.

15th century: Turkish invasions begin.

14th to 15th centuries: Most of the territory of Slovenia, including all its hereditary estates, is taken over by the Habsburgs; in 1456, the Counts of Celje, the last feudal dynasty in Slovenia, die out.

  • Castle at the top of the hill. Aerial view of Branik village.

    Rihemberk Castle, a 13th-century castle above the village of Branik, near the city of Nova Gorica. Photo: Jošt Gantar/

11th to 14th centuries: The development of medieval towns in Slovenia.

11th century: The regions of Carniola, Styria, Carinthia and Gorizia begin to develop; intensive German colonisation.

10th century: The appearance of the Freising Manuscripts, the earliest known text written in Slovenian.

9th century: The spread of the Frankish feudal system; the Slovenian nation begins to form.

8th century: The beginnings of the conversion to Christianity.

  • A fresco of the enthronement ceremony of the Dukes of Carantania.

    The State of Carantania (7th to 11th century) was the oldest known independent Slavonic tribal union in this region. The Enthronement of the Dukes Of Carantania,fresco by Gojmir Anton Kos (1896-1979). Photo: UKOM archives

7th to 11th century: The State of Carantania, the oldest known independent

Slavonic tribal union in this region.

After 568: Dominance of Slavic people on the territory of Slovenia.

5th and 6th century CE: Invasions by the Huns and Germanic tribes.

Around 10 BCE: The Roman Empire; the appearance of the first towns.

4th and 3rd century BCE: The arrival of Celts; the Noricum Kingdom.

120,000 to 1,300 BCE: Remains from the early Stone Age – the Palaeolithic; among them the oldest musical instrument in the world; evidence of hunting and Urnfield culture.

250,000 BCE: The first evidence of human habitation on the territory of present-day Slovenia (two tools made of stone from Jama Cave in the Loza Woods near Orehek).

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Author: Tea Knaflič

Date: 21. October 2019

Time to read: 1 min