Date: 21. February 2020
Time to read: 3 min
The official language in Slovenia is Slovenian, as determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia, which also guarantees the Italian and Hungarian minorities the right to use their respective languages and develop their cultures in the areas in which they live.
Although Slovenian is part of the South Slavic language group, it also shares many features with the West Slavic branch. Slovenian has been also influenced by the Roman, Germanic and Finno-Ugric worlds.
About 2.4 million people around the world speak Slovenian as their mother tongue.
It is a special language: the most notable is the use of dual form, the grammatical number used for two people or things in all the inflected parts of speech, which is nowadays a very rare phenomenon in linguistics. Linguists have identified forty-six clearly established dialects in Slovenian speaking area.
Useful Slovenian phrases
Good Morning Dobro jutro
Good Afternoon Dober dan
Good Evening Dober večer
Good Night Lahko noč
How are you? Kako gre?
I'm fine, thank you! Dobro, hvala!
My name is…Ime mi je…
My surname is…Pišem se…
Where are you from? Od kod si? (singular & informal) Od kod ste? (plural & formal)
What do you do? Kaj si po poklicu? (singular & informal) Kaj ste po poklicu? (plural & formal)
Bar, Restaurant, Hotel
I'd like…Jaz bi …
sparkling/still mineral water mineralno/navadno vodo
a coffee kava
a beer pivo
a tea čaj
a glass of white/red wine kozarec belega/rdečega vina
The menu, please Jedilni list, prosim
Do you accept credit cards? Ali lahko plačam s kartico?
The bill, please Račun, prosim
I'd like a room for … nights Rad bi sobo za … noči
I have reservation Imam rezervacijo
Is the breakfast included? Je zajtrk vključen?
Single/Double room Enoposteljna/Dvoposteljna soba
Half/Full board Pol/polni penzion
Railway/Bus station, Airport
Railway station Železniška postaja
One ticket to … , please Eno karto do … , prosim
A return ticket, please Eno povratno, prosim
From which track does the train for … leave? S katerega tira gre vlak za…?
Is the train late? Ali vlak zamuja?
Bus station Avtobusna postaja
Where does the bus from … arrive? Kam pripelje avtobus iz…?
Passport Potni list
Cash desk Blagajna
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ena, dve, tri, štiri, pet, šest, sedem, osem, devet, deset
Cheers! Na zdravje!
I am… / You are… Jaz sem… / Ti si…
I'm sorry, I can't understand Slovene wery well. Oprostite, ne razumem dobro slovensko.
What time is it? Koliko je ura?
Cash machine (ATM) Bankomat
Exchange Office Menjalnica
Post office Pošta
Do you sell/have … ? Ali prodajate/imate … ?
Where is/are … ? Kje je/so … ?
How much does it cost? Koliko stane?
Excuse me! (apologising) Oprostite!
Excuse me? (asking for clarification) Kako, prosim?
Straight ahead Naravnost