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Slovenia – a maritime country

Slovenia is a maritime country with a 46.6 km-long Adriatic Sea coastline and access to the sea. Despite having one of the shortest coastlines in Europe, sea access is of great strategic importance to Slovenia.

Slovenia has been a maritime country ever since 1991, when the Resolution on the Maritime Orientation of the Republic of Slovenia was adopted, in which it committed to directing economic and development policy that will also have a maritime orientation.

  • Infographic Slovenia maritime countri

    Infographic: Irena Kogoj

As the only Slovenian international cargo port, Luka Koper (the Port of Koper) is of key strategic importance to Slovenia.

It stands as the closest connection between Central and Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean.

  • Luka Koper

    Luka Koper has made it possible for products from Slovenia companies to successfully penetrate the world market. Photo: Jaka Jerasa

The coast is divided among the municipalities of Koper, Izola, Piran and Ankaran.

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Izola, Koper and Piran are charming coastal towns with medieval town centres.

The coast is engulfed by the Bays of Koper, Strunjan and Piran, which are all part of the Gulf of Trieste. 

The Gulf of Trieste used to be home to a number of saltpans, including the last remaining ones in Sečovlje and Strunjan.

  • Saltpans

    Saltpans are part of the Slovenian tradition. Photo: Nea Culpa; Mankica Kranjec/

The Moon Bay, also called St Cross Bay, lies at the heart of the Strunjan Nature Reserve. 

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Author: Danila Golob

Date: 29. July 2020

Time to read: 1 min