Date: 15. January 2020
Time to read: 5 min
Tamburitzas in an opera? Some people may find this unusual or say that it cannot be done, but composer Gregor Zagorc and his excellent team have managed to prove them wrong, surprising the audience with a beautiful opera. Ambrož and Katarina, a saga of forbidden love, is the world's first opera written for a tamburitza orchestra.
The opera Ambrož and Katarina was written by composer Gregor Zagorc, conductor of the Dobreč Tamburitza Orchestra. He got the idea in 2015 when his orchestra first started playing opera music. They discovered that tamburitzas worked very well as an accompaniment to opera singing and that the two complemented each other wonderfully. Composer Zagorc then started toying with the idea of composing a tamburitza opera.
He learned that no such opera had ever been written, all being only transcriptions, adaptations of existing works composed for the symphonic orchestra, which made him even more motivated to take on the project of writing the world's first tamburitza opera.
He also wanted to find a good libretto and incorporate Bela krajina in the narrative so that people in Slovenia and abroad could get to know the region better.
Writer and musicologist Nina Novak Oiseau took up the challenge of writing the text. The libretto and opera are based on historical facts, as between 1660 and 1850 the castle in which the story is set was home to the Gusič family.
The author found inspiration in a local legend, which formed the basis for the story's dramatisation and literalisation. "The language is rich and very archaic at times. It's the first opera based on the folk traditions of Bela krajina. It could also be called an ethno-opera," said the author of the libretto, Nina Novak Oiseau.
In writing the opera that includes all the traditional characteristics, composer Zagorc focused on ethno-music from Bela krajina and the harmonies of the late Romantic period In addition to tamburitzas, he also incorporated the woodwind and percussion sections, which, he said, certain parts of the orchestral piece needed for dramatic effect.
The forbidden love of Ambrož and Katarina
The story is set in 17th century Bela krajina, specifically in the Gradac Castle by the River Lahinja.
The main plot of the story is based on the forbidden love between the farmer Ambrož and the Count's daughter Katarina, and the Count's promise of her hand in marriage to the rich and self-centred Vid Panjan.
Katarina does not share his affections but longs only for the poetry-loving, gentle and sincere Ambrož. The story also touches upon the topics of war, greed, honesty, self-interest and personal strife.
- The authors entrusted the lead role of Katarina to Sara Žuvela, a student at the Ljubljana Academy of Music. Ambrož is played by Gregor Ravnik. Photo: Rok Mihevc
- Katarina with her father. Photo: Rok Mihevc
- The story also touches upon the topics of war, greed, honesty, self-interest and personal strife. Photo: Rok Mihevc
The opera Ambrož and Katarina represents an important contribution to documenting and preserving Bela krajina's cultural heritage and folklore. It portrays the local traditions of "Jurjevanje" (St. George's Day Celebration), "Kresovanje" (bonfire celebration) and "Koledovanje" (carolling), and abounds in national costumes, dancing and folk songs. The characters' names and surnames also reflect popular choices in Bela krajina at the time.
- The opera also features the Bela krajina tradition of "Jurjevanje". Photo: Rok Mihevc
- The opera is a tragic love story in three acts discussing social differences between farmers and nobility. Photo: Rok Mihevc
- The opera is rich with local songs, dances and singing, complemented by the sounds of tamburitzas. Photo: Rok Mihevc
- The opera Ambrož and Katarina represents an important contribution to documenting and preserving Bela krajina's cultural heritage and folklore. Photo: Rok Mihevc
- The opera Ambrož and Katarina portrays the local traditions. Photo: Rok Mihevc
Being part of music history
The international cast of Ambrož and Katarina consists of renowned professional opera soloists. As the roles required younger singers, Gregor Zagorc entrusted the two leading roles to Sara Žuvela and Gregor Ravnik. In addition to the Dobreč Tamburitza Orchestra, the opera features the Dragatuš folklore group, the Lan music group, the Metlika Primary School Teachers' Choir and the Črnomelj Music School, with Eva Hribernik as director, Bojana Cvejić Zagorc as set and costume designer and Tadej Fink as choreographer. It was produced by the Semič Cultural Centre.
- The cast of the world's first tamburitza opera, Ambrož and Katarina. Photo: Rok Mihevc
- The opera Ambrož and Katarina. Photo: Rok Mihevc. Design: Marko Bradica
- The Dobreč Tamburitza Orchestra. Photo: Rok MIhevc
- The authors entrusted the lead role of Katarina to Sara Žuvela, a student at the Ljubljana Academy of Music. Ambrož is played by Gregor Ravnik. The other eight soloists are: Željko Andrić, opera soloist from the Serbian National Theatre of Novi Sad, Italian opera singer Domingo Stasi, mezzosoprano Irena Yebuah Tiran, Dejan Herakovič, Andraž Banovec, Sara Briški Cirman and Nataša Zupan. Photo: Rok Mihevc
The opera Ambrož and Katarina premiered on 29 December 2019 in Semič, followed by three sold-out repeat performances in January.
"The response has been very positive. With all three of the region's municipalities participating, it's actually the biggest project in Bela krajina. In addition to congratulating us, wishing us well and giving us positive feedback, I often heard the audience say that they were proud to be from Bela krajina,"
said composer Zagorc after a successful premiere, adding that he had mixed feelings and strong emotions after finally realising the project in which he was heavily invested, both as composer and conductor. "It's a good thing that people are talking about the opera and that there is already a waiting list for April performances in Semič, even though the exact dates have yet to be revealed. Besides performing all over Slovenia, we would love to play at the Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana; we are also discussing touring all former Yugoslavian republics as well as other countries," said the composer.
Gregor Zagorc hopes the opera project will be a hit, saying that it is not often one gets to witness historical events in music but that this is a unique opportunity for all of us to be a part of one.